Research proposals must fall within one of three inter‐related areas:
Arctic Security and Cooperation
The Arctic region benefits from innovative models of international cooperation, particularly in the areas of search and rescue, management of the Arctic marine environment, and collaborative governance through oversight bodies such as the Arctic Council. Individual Arctic states have also created innovative models of co‐management and self‐government with Indigenous peoples. As the Arctic region becomes more accessible, the need for greater attention to Arctic security in all its dimensions—human security, environmental security, energy security, and traditional security—will continue to grow in importance.
a. What role can the Arctic Council play in strengthening human security, environmental security, energy security, and traditional security in the Arctic region?
b. How can non‐Arctic states play a role in the Arctic without undermining the interests of Arctic states and residents, especially those of Indigenous peoples?
c. How can the potential need for future military development in the Arctic be reconciled with and even used to enhance opportunities to develop and ensure the health and well‐being of Arctic communities?
d. How can Arctic Indigenous communities’ governance structures be integrated into contemporary governance structures in the Arctic?
e. How does the globalization of the Arctic impact human security, environmental security, energy security, and traditional security?
f. What are the remaining or emerging ethical considerations to address in the areas of human security, environmental security, energy security, and traditional security in the Arctic?
g. How might arts‐based approaches promote Circumpolar solidarity, create opportunities for non‐traditional (other than publications) forms of knowledge translation?
h. What events outside the Arctic affect Arctic security and cooperation and how might these be disentangled?
Arctic Infrastructure in a Changing Environment
More research is needed to understand the environmental changes taking place in the Arctic and the impacts they are having on the built environment. The prosperity and security of the region depends on sound infrastructure for housing, transportation, communications and energy. Changes to land and marine environments are placing stress on both coastal and inland communities in the Arctic. At the same time, these very same changes are generating interest in the Arctic for energy and mineral
resources, increasing tourism, and opening up new fisheries and transportation routes. The global energy transition is placing greater pressures on Arctic and sub‐Arctic regions as sources of minerals and renewable energy from wind and hydro. Together, these trends provide new opportunities for sustainable development that have the potential to improve life for Arctic communities.
a. What are the most significant biophysical and ecological changes in Arctic and sub‐Arctic regions that are affecting current energy, transportation, communication and building infrastructure?
b. What are the projected hydrological changes in the Arctic and sub‐Arctic regions and what are their impacts for future energy and transportation options?
c. Will changes in oceanic currents bring and/or reduce opportunities for fisheries and bioprospecting, and what are the new transportation and communications technologies that will be required to address these changes in the future?
d. How can national investments in renewable energy enhance local energy security for heat and power and provide new local revenue streams?
e. How can new coastal port structures and investments in military bases be leveraged for civilian needs such as lowering costs for dry goods and food stuffs, improving search and rescue capabilities, creating export opportunities for Arctic products to global markets, and improving broadband and communications for healthcare, education, commerce, and environmental surveillance?
f. Are there new opportunities to design housing and building stock that is culturally and environmentally appropriate? Can these opportunities be designed to improve health outcomes?
g. What are the opportunities for new electric‐based transportation for snow machines, boats, and local air transportation?
h. Can new concepts and approaches such as regenerative sustainability help address current and future policy challenges in the Arctic?
i. What role do Indigenous and local knowledge systems need to play to better inform policy decisions?
j. What is the future of the Arctic cities in changing environments? What are the risks and opportunities for relocation of coastal settlements? How can small towns and settlements be redesigned in changing environmental conditions?
k. What hazards need to be examined? What liabilities exist? How long should monitoring last?
Community Dimensions of Health
The health of children, youth, adults, and the elderly is vital to the security of Arctic communities and the region’s future. While Arctic communities are constantly innovating to address their own needs, environmental fluctuations, underdeveloped infrastructures, food insecurities, economic development, infectious diseases, health disparities, and entrenched institutional systems have created challenges for human health and the diverse ecologies of Arctic peoples. Citizens of the Arctic are looking to engage in research that addresses their concerns and will find ways to improve and sustain human health in the Arctic.
a. How can community practices, perspectives, and priorities be integrated into diverse and/or Circumpolar monitoring/assessment, programmatic, and governance infrastructures in the Arctic to promote human health?
b. What multi‐level intervention designs, frameworks, and methods might address the complex interconnected human health ecology in diverse Arctic populations?
c. How can community‐driven policies and practices in workforce development, employment, cultural heritage initiatives, service delivery and/or education positively support human health?
d. What concrete mechanisms and tools support the integration of Indigenous knowledge/local knowledge into research, policy and practice that addresses human health?
e. What strategies or steps can be taken to incorporate the natural and/or built environment to support human health?
f. What innovative strategies, programs, and policies might prevent and/or mitigate infectious diseases, environmental exposures and/or environmental risk across the diverse levels of the human ecology (biological, individual, family, community, environmental, economic)?
g. How can cumulative effects of exposure(s) to multiple elements/risks be assessed and analyzed in the Arctic in a way that brings together the medical, social, and natural sciences and humanities?
h. How might arts‐based approaches tell the human dimensions of health story in the Arctic for youth, families and elders?